Cervical LEEP(Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure)

A LEEP is a procedure used to treat cervical dysplasia, a condition marked by the presence of abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix. This does not mean you have cancer, but treatment of the abnormal area is important to prevent the cells from developing into cervical cancer.

How Is a LEEP Done?

The treatment for dysplasia is to remove or destroy it. A speculum is placed in the vagina just like for a PAP smear. After the cervix is anesthetized with a local anesthetic, a thin wire loop electrode, attached to an electrosurgical generator, is then inserted. The generator transmits a painless electrical current that quickly cuts away the affected cervical tissue in the immediate area of the loop wire. This causes the abnormal cells to rapidly heat and burst, and separates the tissue as the loop wire moves through the cervix.

This technique allows your physician to send the excised tissue to the lab for further evaluation which insures that the lesion was completely removed, as well as allowing for a more accurate assessment of the abnormal area. The procedure itself is usually painless, although some mild cramping may occur afterward. The whole procedure typically takes about 5 minutes to perform.